Bibliography: Gun Control (page 09 of 10)

This annotated bibliography is curated specifically for the Positive Universe website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Josh Sugarmann, Susan Glick, Washington Congress of the U. S, James D. Wright, Thomas M. Becker, Ronald Paul Hill, Scott Poland, Alan McEvoy, Catherine Doane, and Mark P. Moore.

Vann, Alan S. (1998). When a Child Brings a Gun to School, Principal. Describes community reaction to an elementary school principal's decision to suspend a boy for brandishing an unloaded pellet gun at a classmate. The aftermath stretched out for six months, and both the unabashed perpetrator and his traumatized victim transferred to other schools. Alternative crisis-management strategies are offered. Descriptors: Crisis Management, Elementary Education, Guidelines, Gun Control

Hill, Ronald Paul (1994). A Consumer Perspective of Handgun Control in the U.S, Advancing the Consumer Interest. Examines the public policy issue of handgun control from a consumer perspective. Summarizes and analyzes research that investigates attitudes toward and use of handguns. Offers recommendations that are consumer based and attempt to balance the needs of gun owners with the interests of society. Descriptors: Consumer Education, Crime, Federal Legislation, Gun Control

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary. (1994). Youth Violence: A Community Resource. Hearing on Experience and Reaction to Trends Regarding Juvenile Violence Within the Jurisdiction of Phoenix and Tucson, AZ, before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (Phoenix and Tucson, AZ, June 1-2, 1993). Data show that gangs, drugs, and random murders are becoming staples in the lives of U.S. children. Every major U.S. city is facing a deadly gang problem, exemplified by drive-by shootings and teenagers brandishing assault weapons. This document presents witness testimony, prepared statements, and panel discussions that examine the problem of gang violence and the use of firearms by young people within the community, as well as what has and has not worked in attempting to eliminate these problems at the local level. Panelists include Stanley G. Feldman, Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court; Sophia Lopez, representing Mothers Against Gangs; Lora Nye, chairperson, Phoenix Blockwatch Commission; Robert K. Corbin, president, National Rifle Association; and several Arizona city mayors, law enforcement officials and judges, school district administrators, and representatives of community anti-gang grass roots organizations. An appendix contains additional submissions that were submitted for the record.   [More]  Descriptors: Adolescents, Crime Prevention, Delinquency Prevention, Gun Control

Mauser, Gary A.; Holmes, Richard A. (1992). An Evaluation of the 1977 Canadian Firearms Legislation, Evaluation Review. A pooled cross-section time series model is used to evaluate the effect of the 1977 Canadian firearms legislation on the provincial homicide rate between 1969 and 1989. Results agree with most studies that indicate no significant effect of this legislation on homicide rates. Descriptors: American Indians, Crime, Economic Factors, Federal Legislation

Glick, Susan; Sugarmann, Josh (1997). Joe Camel with Feathers. How the NRA with Gun and Tobacco Industry Dollars Uses Its Eddie Eagle Program To Market Guns to Kids. The National Rifle Association (NRA) has developed its Eddie Eagle program as a school-based curriculum that claims to teach gun safety to children in preschool through grade six. The program uses a four-part message for children to follow when they see a gun, admonishing them to stop, not touch it, leave the area, and tell an adult. The NRA has credited the program with playing a major role in decreasing the unintentional death toll among children, but it has not conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the program. The primary goal of the Eddie Eagle program, this report argues, is to increase the acceptance of guns by children and youth and the development of new customers for the firearms industry and the NRA itself. The NRA funds Eddie Eagle through its NRA Foundation. Research by the Violence Policy Center shows that members of the firearms industry and the tobacco industry have made substantial contributions to the NRA Foundation. Many of the marketing problems the firearms industry faces are similar to those faced by the cigarette and smokeless tobacco industries, and the industry is using similar marketing strategies. The NRA also uses Eddie Eagle as a lobbying tool in its efforts to derail the passage of child access prevention and mandatory trigger lock laws at both state and federal levels. As a thinly disguised marketing tool to "soften up guns," Eddie Eagle is a sort of Joe Camel with feathers. Instead of acknowledging the inherent danger firearms in the home pose to children and the often irresponsible firearms storage behavior of adults, the Eddie Eagle program places the onus of safety and responsibility on the children themselves. Public health researchers have not found programs like Eddie Eagle to be effective in reducing unintentional death and injury from firearms. Six appendixes present additional information about the Eddie Eagle program, including copies of commendations and letters refusing endorsement.   [More]  Descriptors: Child Safety, Curriculum, Elementary Secondary Education, Financial Support

Moore, Mark P. (1994). Life, Liberty, and the Handgun: The Function of Synecdoche in the Brady Bill Debate, Communication Quarterly. Identifies and discusses divergent synecdochal representations of the handgun as vital to both the construction and maintenance of competing social realities (handgun as threatened liberty and handgun as threatened life) in the debate over the Brady Bill. Demonstrates how such representations serve as divergent rhetorical constructs for competing interests. Descriptors: Communication Research, Discourse Analysis, Federal Legislation, Gun Control

Poland, Scott (1998). Congressional Testimony on School Violence: Early Childhood, Youth and Families Subcommittee, Rural Special Education Quarterly. School violence has been linked to youth not recognizing the finality of death, extreme violence portrayed in the media, availability of guns, student reluctance to "tell," and lack of curriculum that teaches children anger management and problem-solving skills. Recommendations include making prevention programs a priority and establishing curriculum objectives that focus on violence prevention. Descriptors: Crisis Intervention, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Gun Control

Becker, Thomas M.; And Others (1993). Children and Firearms: A Gunshot Injury Prevention Program in New Mexico, American Journal of Public Health. Describes a statewide childhood gun safety program in New Mexico aimed at reducing the availability of loaded guns at home. Focusing on increasing safety awareness of communities, health care professionals, parents, and gun owners, the program will be continued with a new three-year funding grant. Descriptors: Accidents, Child Health, Child Safety, Children

Russo, Charles J. (1995). United States v. Lopez and the Demise of the Gun-Free School Zones Act: Legislative Over-Reaching or Judicial Nit-Picking?, West's Education Law Quarterly. In "United States v.Lopez," a highly fractured United States Supreme Court, in a five-to-four ruling that generated six different opinions, affirmed that Congress had exceeded its authority in adopting the Gun-Free School Zones Act. Provides an in-depth examination of the Court's ruling and concludes with an analysis of the legal issues surrounding this case. (72 footnotes) Descriptors: Court Role, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Courts, Federal Legislation

Natale, Jo Anna (1994). Roots of Violence, American School Board Journal. Responses to youth violence include intervention programs to teach children alternative skills for solving problems and to challenge superficial beliefs about the glories of violence. Children on a destructive path need someone they can trust who will guide them. Lists 29 measures in response to school violence and the percentage of school districts reporting using them. Descriptors: Aggression, Behavior Development, Behavior Standards, Child Development

McEvoy, Alan, Ed. (1996). Reducing Youth Gun Violence. Part One–An Overview [and] Part Two–Prevention and Intervention Programs, School Intervention Report. This document contains two issues of a journal on reducing youth gun violence, reprinted from a report by the U.S. Department of Justice. The first issue, part one, provides an overview of programs and initiatives. The second issue, part two, describes prevention and intervention programs. To reduce violence and build healthy communities requires a two-pronged assault on juvenile delinquency and youth gun violence. Legal measures that limit access to firearms are a first step. Recent Federal legislation, including the Youth Handgun Safety Act and the Gun-Free Schools Act, makes a strong statement that guns in the hands of young people will not be tolerated. With a fuller understanding of the factors contributing to gun violence, it is possible to design ways to prevent youth gun use. Part one concludes with "Making Schools Safe: The Importance of Empathy and Service Learning" by Alan McEvoy, which discusses an approach to violence reduction. At the end of part one, a resource bibliography is also included. Part two addresses individual programs that seek to incorporate the information from part one by broadly summarizing the various violence reduction strategies that have been implemented by organizations across the country. Preventative programs discussed include: (1) curriculums; (2) trauma prevention; (3) gun buy-back programs; and (4) public education campaigns. The intervention programs discussed include: (1) community law enforcement; (2) gun market disruption and interception; (3) diversion and treatment programs; (4) gun courts; and (5) alternative schools. A complete resource of youth gun violence reduction programs and prevention organization sis included.   [More]  Descriptors: Community Programs, Delinquency, Disadvantaged Youth, Drug Abuse

Doane, Catherine (1993). Global Issues in 6th Grade? Yes!, Educational Leadership. Suburban Chicago middle school teachers designed a month-long unit to foster global education, guided by research on integrated, self-selected, and collaborative learning strategies. Teachers initiated brainstorming activities, grouped students by interest, and demonstrated how to be investigative researchers, informative writers, effective speakers, good listeners, and critical thinkers. An open house program showcased results. (nine references) Descriptors: Brainstorming, Cooperative Learning, Curriculum Development, Global Approach

Wright, James D.; And Others (1992). Kids, Guns, and Killing Fields, Society. Studies firearms behaviors among 835 criminally active male, mostly urban, youth and 1,653 male and female innercity high school students in 4 states. It is evident that the large urban environment encourages youth to be armed and that enforcement activities alone will not be enough to alleviate the problem. Descriptors: Criminals, Delinquency, Disadvantaged Youth, Females

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution. (1995). The Gun Violence Prevention Act of 1994: Public Health and Child Safety. Hearing on S. 1882, A Bill To Amend Title 18, United States Code, To Promote the Safe Use of Guns and To Reduce Gun Violence before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session (March 23, 1994). The first of several hearings on the Gun Violence Prevention Act of 1994 introduced and discussed the Act as comprehensive legislation to address gun violence through six discrete initiatives: (1) handgun licensing; (2) prohibition of firearms possession by persons convicted of violent misdemeanors; (3) regulation of gun dealers; (4) limitation of the secondary gun market; (5) requirement of gun safety courses; and (6) banning certain types of guns. Support for the bill was presented by the presiding senators, Paul Simon (Illinois) and Howard Metzenbaum (Ohio). Reservations about the necessity for the legislation, but not about the need for reduction in violence, were expressed by Senators Hank Brown (Colorado) and Orrin Hatch (Utah). A number of speakers supported the bill, with the Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders speaking first. Panel discussions with educators and physicians followed. The testimony of each witness is followed by his or her prepared statement.   [More]  Descriptors: Child Health, Child Safety, Crime, Federal Legislation

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