Bibliography: Anti-war (page 4 of 5)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Positive Universe website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Donald D. Nichols, J. W. Peltason, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, J. Justin Gustainis, Frank R. Kemerer, New York United Nations Children's Fund, Dan F. Hahn, Ronald M. Mangano, Michael S. Littleford, and Robert A. Tucker.

Gustainis, J. Justin; Hahn, Dan F. (1988). While the Whole World Watched: Rhetorical Failures of Anti-War Protest, Communication Quarterly. Claims that Vietnam War protestors were not instrumental in bringing it to an end. Contends that their rhetorical strategies may have actually harmed their cause, and that Middle Americans only became disenchanted when the oft-promised victory in Vietnam proved elusive and the casualties began to mount. Descriptors: Activism, Audience Analysis, Capitalism, Civil Disobedience

United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY. (1996). The State of the World's Children, 1996 (50th Anniversary Issue). This special issue of "The State of the World's Children" marks the 50th anniversary year of UNICEF and its work on behalf of children. Chapter 1 examines how wars and civil conflicts are taking an enormous toll on children. The chapter outlines a proposed anti-war agenda as a vital step to prevent and alleviate the suffering of children in armed conflict, and calls for an end to the recruitment and conscription into the military of children under the age of 18; for a ban on the manufacture, use, stockpiling, and sale of all anti-personnel land mines; and for efforts to strengthen the procedures for monitoring and prosecuting war criminals. Chapter 2 reviews the efforts of UNICEF in its first half-century to cope with children submerged not only in conflict, but also in the silent emergencies of poverty and preventable disease. It shows how many governments and communities, with UNICEF support, have made great progress in improving the health, nutrition, and education of their children. Chapter 3 provides statistics, such as those on infant and child mortality, immunization, maternal mortality, malnutrition, and school enrollment that chart the progress countries are making toward goals set at the World Summit on Children. Basic indicators on nutrition, health, education, population, economic progress, and the situation of women are given, along with regional summaries.   [More]  Descriptors: Change Strategies, Child Advocacy, Child Health, Child Safety

Spreitzer, Elmer; And Others (1971). Participation in Anti-War Demonstrations: A Test of the Parental Continuity Hypothesis. This study replicates earlier research on student activism, but within the context of a non-elite and relatively apolitical university campus, namely, Bowling Green University. A basic finding of the earlier research is that student activists represent an extension of parental values rather than a generational rebellion. This paper tests the parental continuity hypothesis for the less radicalized student protestors at Bowling Green. Three indicators of student-parent continuity were used: (1) political party preferences; (2) political orientations; and (3) perceived generation gap with parents. The findings show that, on all 3 indicators, student protestors were more likely to be divergent from their parents. It is concluded that the generational continuity explanation is not applicable to rank and file protestors at an apolitical university.   [More]  Descriptors: Activism, College Students, Family Attitudes, Family Influence

Spofford, Tim (1988). Lynch Street. The May 1970 Slayings at Jackson State College. The story of the 1970 Jackson State College slayings following an unruly anti-war demonstration by black students is pieced together via interviews with students wounded in the gunfire and other eyewitnesses, as well as an examination of public records, court testimony, and newspaper accounts. The events are presented in the context of the history of Jackson, Mississippi, and of the student protests of the 1960s. For the second time in 10 days, law enforcement officials fired upon students on an American college campus. First there had been the killing of four white students by National Guardsmen at Kent State University. Though that event has been remembered as a violent coda to the 1960s, the subsequent killings (two dead and 12 wounded) by law enforcement officials on the black campus in Mississippi have been largely forgotten. However, in Jackson it created a crisis. The story of that town and school is told, noting that litigation in the Jackson State case dragged on for 12 years. Contains about 100 references. Descriptors: Activism, Black Colleges, Black Students, Civil Disobedience

Littleford, Michael S. (1970). Teaching Anthropological Processes and Perspectives in the Secondary School. The subject of this paper is a black twelfth grade experimental class in the Problems of American Democracy conducted in the fall of the 1969 school year. They were concerned with studying the local black community in its past and present forms from a cross-cultural anthropological point of view. A conceptual scheme of natural history involved the student as an active participant in the learning process. Another pedagogical assumption was that all knowledge is tentative with the subject matter treated as data and as people's perceptions of the world. The students performed as anthropological field workers with the central foci of the learning activities on collection (observing, interviewing, and recording), organization, classification, and the analysis of data on: family, housing and household activities, male and female roles, food traditions, religion, folk traditions, and the economic systems of farming, money, and goods. Data was presented about other cultures to encourage students to analyze differences in values, behavior patterns, and social groupings. Important subsidiary class activities were: 1) discussion of books read, and student report presentations; 2) lecture; and, 3) class discussions on current topics such as drugs, contraception, black pride, and the anti-war movement. The processes and perspectives can be adapted to any grade level and are applicable in a wide variety of subject fields.   [More]  Descriptors: Anthropology, Black Community, Black Culture, Community Study

Frusciano, Thomas J. (1980). Student Deferment and the Selective Service College Qualification Test, 1951-1967. Research Memorandum. The history of military manpower policy and college student deferment is reviewed, with attention to the Selective Service College Qualification Test (SSCQT). By passage of the Selective Service Act of 1948, Congress recognized the need to maintain an adequate number of scientific, professional, and specialized personnel in both civilian and military pursuits. A student deferment plan was proposed whereby candidates could qualify to continue their education on the basis of class standing or a specified score on a nationally-administered educational aptitude test. In the fall of 1950, the Selective Service System contracted with Educational Testing Service (ETS) for the development of the SSCQT, a 150-item examination measuring a student's verbal and mathematical ability. The student deferment plan had vocal proponents and opponents. From 1951 to 1954, ETS tested over 500,000 students and conducted a statistical analysis program to supply the Selective Service System with information needed to operate the testing program. The SSCQT was operated by Science Research Associates for about 6 years. The Vietnam War and related anti-war and anti-draft movements renewed public debate over military manpower policy in the mid-1960s. In 1973 Congress replaced the Selective Service System with an all-volunteer army. A selected bibliography is provided.   [More]  Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Armed Forces, College Students, Higher Education

Tucker, Robert A. (1970). The Colors of Lucan: Anti-War Propaganda?, Cl Bull. Concerns the colors of the spectrum Lucan employs to depict the Roman civil war. Descriptors: Adjectives, Ancient History, Charts, Classical Literature

Kemerer, Frank R.; And Others (1973). Who Sank The Khaki Submarine At Stanford? A Study of Decision-Making At Stanford University. From the late 1960s to the spring of 1970 there was an acceleration of anti-war protest and political movements. At Stanford University this period was characterized by controversy, deep divisions within the university community, disruption of classes, student strikes, and the presence of uniformed police on campus. In this environment of turbulence and violence, a major decision was reached to remove ROTC from Stanford. It was a decision that raised questions concerning the legitimacy of the governing role of the board of trustees, the president, the faculty and the students. It caused a crisis in the decision-making process and an altering of the power structure of the university. It extended beyond the single topic of ROTC, beyond the question of legitimate authority, to include such matters as the ethics of classified research, rivalry between academic disciplines, and the very fundamental question of academic freedom. This document attempts to identify and analyze, from a political perspective, the decision-making process that produced the "ROTC decision." It begins with an exploration of the Stanford decision-making system and proceeds to describe the "political perspective."   [More]  Descriptors: Academic Freedom, Decision Making, Faculty, Governance

Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication. (1992). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992). Part VI: Politics and Mass Media. The Politics and Mass Media section of the proceedings contains the following eight papers: "Politics and the War on Drugs: Patterns of News Coverage" (Lisa Brockmeier); "The Challenge of Bearing Witness in Political Reporting: Making the Public Conversational Partners" (Karon Reinboth Speckman); "The Concrete-Avoidance Model: Media, Public Opinion, and the Gulf War" (Karon Reinboth Speckman); "Voters' Reasoning Processes and Media Influences during the Persian Gulf War" (Zhongdang Pan and Gerald M. Kosicki); "Voices of Dissent during the Gulf War: Did the Media Regard the Anti-War Movement as a Legitimate Challenger?" (Suzanne R. Yows); "Constructing News Narratives: ABC and CNN Cover the Gulf War" (Bethami A. Dobkin); "Effects of a One-Week Change in Media Habits on Knowledge and Judgments about Presidential Primary Candidates: A Field Experiment" (M. A. Ferguson and others); and "Election-Year Usefulness of Newspapers and Other Information Sources for Alabama Legislators" (Daniel Riffe).   [More]  Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Foreign Countries, Mass Media, Mass Media Effects

Peltason, J. W. (1995). Reactionary Thoughts of a Revolutionary. This monograph is a transcript of a lecture given by Jack W. Peltason and the four responses by panelists from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. After a brief eulogy to David Dodds Henry, President of the University of Illinois (1955-71), the talk turns its focus to two decades of crisis for higher education–the 1960s and the 1990s. The changes that came out of the early revolution, which centered on student power, civil rights, the anti-war movement, and feminism, are seen to have strengthened colleges and universities. But public higher education in the 1990s is facing other threats: chronic underfunding; a wave of public and media criticism; "the illusion of the quick fix"; and the breakdown in the university system of shared governance. To meet these challenges, the following actions are proposed: improved efficiency in managing scarce resources; a focus on academic quality; a search for new sources of funding; and, finally, acceleration of the transfer of new knowledge to the marketplace. The panelists, James D. Anderson, John E. Cribbet, Eldon L. Johnson, and Silvia Manning, generally agree with the premises set forth in the lecture, although their concerns focus mainly on the lack of funding and public support. Following the four formal responses, the panelists and Dr. Peltason responded to questions from the audience. Descriptors: College Administration, College Planning, College Presidents, Educational Economics

Pugh, M. D.; And Others (1971). Participation in Anti-War Demonstrations: A Test of the Parental Continuity Hypothesis, Sociology and Social Research. Revision of paper read at the American Sociological Association Meeting, Denver, Colorado, August 1971. Descriptors: Activism, Demonstrations (Civil), Parent Influence, Political Affiliation

Small, William (1970). To Kill a Messenger; Television News and the Real World. From his vantage point as News Director of CBS News in Washington, the author examines the role of television news in our society and gives an insider's view of the day-to-day process of selecting and presenting news. Highlighting the book are in-depth discussions of past and recent news events. The Nixon "Checkers" speech, John Kennedy's fight to become the first Catholic president, the Edward R. Murrow-Joseph McCarthy television drama, and Vice-President Agnew's sharp attack on the television networks are described in anecdotal fashion. The author examines the powerful effect of television news and discusses the power to determine what that news shall contain. He traces the role of television in the black revolution, black riots, the Viet Nam war, and the resultant anti-war protests. He examines the part television plays in fostering violence in America and provides a firsthand account of television coverage of the Kennedy assassination and funeral. The influence of television on politics is discussed with particular reference to political campaigns in general, to the famed televised debates of 1960, to the political conventions, and to the presidential press conferences. In conclusion, he delineates the effect of government regulation on the selection and presentation of television news. Descriptors: Black Power, Commercial Television, Cultural Awareness, Current Events

Nichols, Donald D. (1990). The Delirious Decade, 1965-1975: A Social History of a Community College. This history depicts Oakland Community College (OCC) in Michigan as a microcosm of the dramatic events of the late 1960's and early 1970's. Four primary sources were used: the personal experiences of the author who worked at the college during this time; extensive interviews with staff, faculty, administrators, and students; newspaper accounts; and a survey of all staff who worked at OCC during the decade between 1965 and 1975. The history focuses not only on OCC as an educational institution reflecting national trends, but also on several features unique to OCC as a two-year institution, including OCC's curriculum and mission dedicated to innovative educational practices; intense student rebellion including anti-war demonstrations and drug experimentation; and faculty strikes.  Following a preface profiling the college at its inception, the following 12 chapters are presented: (1) The Birth of a Community College; (2) The 60's and 70's: A Condensed View; (3) Two Presidents and Two Dreams; (4) Joe Hill's Dream for the College; (5) Community College Students: A Not-So-Different Breed; (6) Money, Black Demands, and White Bombs; (7) Black Power Comes to the Suburbs; (8) White Bombs Meant for General Motors; (9) Student Newspapers and Freedom of the Press; (10) Professors Who Gladly Teach; (11) Case Study: From Professor to Federal District Court; and (12) Faculty Power and the Anatomy of a Strike. In addition, profiles are presented of the new college, the new counselor, the new dean, and seven days in the life of the dean. Illustrations, a 34-item bibliography, and an index are included. Descriptors: Activism, Black Power, College Administration, Community Colleges

Mangano, Ronald M.; Casebeer, Arthur L. (1971). Alarming Parallels in Student Anti-War Activism of the Thirties and Sixties, NASPA Journal. The authors conclude that only a catastrophe of universal proportions can sway the activist from his evolutionary course into extended violence. The federal government might well impose or cause an all encompassing catastrophe to halt the tide of student activism which is bent on altering the character of American society. Descriptors: Activism, College Students, History, Student Alienation

Grimshaw, Allen D. (1984). Teaching War as a Social Problem. A Report on Soc101 at Indiana University. Resource Materials for Teaching. One of a series of resources for teaching sociology at the postsecondary level, this volume discusses the background, problems, and course format for an introductory course on war as a social problem. Material is divided into seven sections. Section 1 provides an introduction to the course. Section 2 contains the instructor's personal background and reasons for teaching a course on war. Procedures for preparing a course on this topic are described in section 3. Choice of instructional goals, topics, and course materials is detailed. The following problems encountered in teaching the course are examined in section 4: student enrollment, problems of student expectations and knowledge, teacher problems, and reactions to course materials. Efforts to improve course reading materials are described in section 5. Section 6 examines two contrasting problems in organizing and offering a course on war: the apathy, negativism, and indifference of a number of sociologists on the one hand and the work of anti-war organizations on the other. The final section considers the future of courses dealing with controversial social issues such as war. Attachments include a course syllabus, copies of examinations, questions for a film series which accompanied the course, a course evaluation form, and a letter to Physicians for Social Responsibility. Descriptors: Controversial Issues (Course Content), Course Content, Course Descriptions, Course Evaluation

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