Bibliography: Anti-war (page 3 of 5)

This annotated bibliography is compiled and customized by the Center for Positive Practices for the Positive Universe website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Paul Jenkins, Crystal L. Keels, Ann Ricks Dailey, Warner Wilson, Seymour Martin Lipset, Adolf A. Berle, OH. Peace Resource Center. Wilmington Coll, George W. Chilcoat, Vicki J. Schlene, and Terence Duffy.

Berle, Adolf A. (1968). Some Perspectives on the Politics and Organization of Education. Adolf A. Berle, a statesman and law professor, discusses the powers and responsibilities of the educational administrator. Emphasized is the belief that education must not be sacrificed to race relations militants, anti-war groups, or teachers' demands. Police force should be used when needed to prevent schools from becoming battlegrounds. Confrontations can be diminished if administrators initiate dialogues with parents in the community.   [More]  Descriptors: Administrator Responsibility, Decentralization, Organizations (Groups), Political Power

Keels, Crystal L. (2004). To Be Black, & Gifted & Red: Cold War Period Yields New, Provocative Ground for Contemporary Scholars, Black Issues in Higher Education. Today's climate of supercharged patriotism and apparent intolerance for comment or critique calls to mind an earlier period of U.S. history. The Cold War that began in the mid-to late-1940s, along with McCarthyism and the anti-communist movement in the early 1950s, created an atmosphere of national hysteria and paranoia. For the past decade, academic interest in this period with its complicated convergence of activity has grown tremendously. Of particular interest is the influence of the period on the civil rights movement of the 1960s."The civil rights movement arose just about the time the issue (anti-communism) was fading," says George Mason University Professor Roger Wilkins. "Joe McCarthy was being diminished and ultimately driven out of power. So Blacks and their allies were consumed with the enormous opportunities and challenges of the civil rights movement; it consumed their imaginations and energies." Wilkins, the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of American History and Culture and a 1972 Pulitzer Prize-winning writer explains that civil rights leaders–like his uncle, former NAACP president Roy Wilkins–wanted to avoid the additional burden of being labeled communist. "Conservatives and racists sought the upper hand by branding civil rights activists communists and thereby discrediting them," Wilkins says. "So the mainstream of the civil rights movement, just like the mainstream labor movement, didn't want anything to do with communism–they knew that would hurt their causes." The consequences of speaking out were dire during this period of extreme paranoia. Careers were lost and reputations ruined. Wilkins remembers White academicians whose careers were derailed for suspicion of "communist activity." African American activists, writers and other Black intellectuals arguing for the end of racial injustice were often forced to censor themselves for fear of a similar fate. Most scholars taking interest in the Cold War era emphasize the international aspects of the Cold War, anti-communism and the civil rights movement in the United States. Indiana University history professor Dr. Claude Clegg, whose research focuses on the political context of the civil rights movement, says the Cold War both hurt and helped the civil rights movement. Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, African Americans, Careers, War

Tolley, Howard, Jr. (1973). Children and War: Political Socialization to International Conflict. A questionnaire which explored children's beliefs about war and the Vietnam conflict was administered in 1971 to 2,677 children in grades three through eight. The study of these responses examines four aspects of socialization to international strife: (1) how and when children acquire attitudes toward war, (2) what attitudes children have about Vietnam, and when these were acquired, (3) how much factual knowledge children have about the Vietnam war, and (4) what the primary sources are of children's information about the war. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the anti-war protests of the 1960's had undermined children's confidence in the government. Results showed that this was the case, especially in the young people's trust in the President. The responses to the questionnaire were tabulated and analyzed for the relative influences of the family, school, community, church, and media, as well as characteristics of the pupils themselves–age, sex, and race. Proposals for research for the immediate future are also given. Descriptors: Age Differences, Childhood Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Family Influence

Shafer, George (1978). The Dramaturgy of Fact: The Testament of History in Two Anti-War Plays, Central States Speech Journal. The dramaturgical dimensions of the "theater of fact" as found in two anti-war plays, "Discourse on Viet Nam" by Peter Weiss and "Xa: A Vietnam Primer" by the ProVisional Theatre are examined. In these plays the author finds that Vietnamese history becomes rhetorical testament in arguments against United States interference in Vietnam.   [More]  Descriptors: Credibility, Drama, Historical Criticism, Literary Criticism

Duffy, Terence (1993). An Environment for Peace Education: The Peace Museum Idea. Peace Education Miniprints, No. 48. Societies all over the world have museums to commemorate war and war heroes. A world-wide growth of peace museums addresses the issue of museums to celebrate peace. These museums, grounded in the activities of nationals, have a regional base but embody a larger international quest for peace education through the visual arts. The original type of peace museum is the anti-war museum. A second type is the issue-based museum such as in Hiroshima and Nagasaki that developed as a response to atomic bombs and the nuclear age. A third strand of peace museum focuses on the celebration of humanitarian work. Modern peace museums have a multi-faceted approach that encapsulates the world-wide quest for peace. These museums constitute a vital force for non-formal peace work and an opportunity for peace educators.   [More]  Descriptors: Educational Facilities, Global Approach, Humanitarianism, International Relations

Campbell, Bruce A. (1976). Personality Antecedents of the Vote. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between psychological traits and voting behavior. Investigated is the thesis that psychological traits are useful concepts for political scientists as predictors of consistency in behavior. Contending that previous trait theory research has been generally unimpressive, the author hypothesizes that traits may be specific to individuals as well as situations. This reform of trait theory is applied to six politically relevant traits: tendermindedness, radicalism-conservatism, F-scale, social desirability, locus of control, and machiavellianism. The criterion variables include 18 measures of electoral and non-electoral participation, ideology and partisanship, including: votes in campus, local, state and national elections, anti-war activity, party identification, political discussions, and attempts to persuade others. Findings indicate that segregating the sample into trait-relevant and trait non-relevant groups is meaningful since predictive power is distinctly enhanced in the trait-relevant groups. In addition, the analysis shows that the 18 criterion items cluster according to trait-predictability in highly interpretable ways. References relating to personality types, psychological studies, and political participation are included.   [More]  Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Behavioral Science Research, Data Analysis, Personality Studies

Jenkins, Paul (2000). This Lawless Spirit: Teaching the History of American Protest Music. This paper discusses the rationale for a new course in the history of American protest music which was offered during 1999 at the College of Mount St. Joseph in Ohio. Noting that the course was team taught by a U.S. history professor and a librarian with expertise in the area, the paper states that the course aimed to survey U.S. history through songs of protest and complaint, thereby telling the history of the United States from the bottom up. The paper lists learning outcomes and states that the course met twice a week for 75 minutes with an enrollment of 21 students. The class examined the following topics: What Is Protest Music?; Spirituals and Work Songs; Songs about Racism; Songs of the Wobblies; Songs of the Depression; Songs of Aunt Molly Jackson; Songs of Sarah Ogan Gunning; Songs of Woody Guthrie; People's Songs and the American Left; Songs of Pete Seeger; Songs of Bob Dylan; Anti-War Songs; Vietnam's Aftermath; The Talking Blues; Songs of the Civil Rights Movement; Songs about the Environment; Songs of Feminism; and Contemporary Protest Music. The paper contains an extensive discography and a 29-item bibliography.   [More]  Descriptors: Bibliographies, Discographies, Higher Education, Popular Culture

Wilson, Warner (1986). Attitudes of Students toward Politically Relevant Groups, Social Behavior and Personality. College students (N=155) who did not attend the anti-Vietnam War moratoriums in 1969 and 20 who did attend indicated their degree of liking for five groups chosen to represent authority, and five groups chosen to represent opposition to authority. The non-attenders liked the first groups more and the second groups less than did the attenders. Descriptors: Attitudes, Authoritarianism, Bias, Higher Education

Bjerstedt, Ake (1993). Peace Museums as Potential Instruments of Peace Education. Views Expressed by Members of the PEC Network. Peace Education Miniprints No. 51. Members of the Peace Education Commission answered a questionnaire on peace museums. The first 60 respondents, representing 25 different countries supplied the results of this report. A majority of the respondents had a positive opinion about the potential values of a peace museum. A variety of definitions of a peace museum were supplied by respondents, and a common definition was difficult to obtain although several remarks stated that a museum should go beyond a static collection of objects and develop a participatory environment. While a few countries had experience with peace museums, most countries seemed to have no peace museum experience at all. Alternative ways of focusing peace museums addressed an emphasis on anti-war, pro-peace or both themes and either a multi-dimensional or specific approach. Potential risks and difficulties such as finances and biased displays were indicated by respondents who also provided suggestions on how to promote the idea of peace museums.   [More]  Descriptors: Cultural Centers, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries

Chilcoat, George W. (1984). History of America: A Popular Music Approach. The study of popular music can be an effective method of examining social and cultural life. Popular music emphasizes the variety of human existence, goals, outlooks, and biases. A pervading theme in popular American music between 1959 and 1984 has been the theme of "America." Over 200 songs reflect personal, social, and political concerns about the United States. A list of many of these songs is divided into categories of American lifestyles, American music, famous Americans, patriotism, and social statements and problems. The latter category is subdivided into music on adolescence, politics, urban life, women's awareness, Black awareness, automation/technology, religious awareness, voting, Indian awareness, ecology, anti-war issues, and society in general. The list includes publication date, record company, and recording artist for all songs. An activity designed for secondary school students involves small groups in analyzing a number of songs to determine theme, audience, major issues, fact vs. opinion, present-day relevance, and making a class presentation of findings. Guide questions and a chart are provided for the students. Descriptors: American Studies, Attitudes, Cultural Activities, Cultural Awareness

Wilmington Coll., OH. Peace Resource Center. (1984). Annotated Resource List of Peace Education Resources Available from Wilmington College Peace Resource Center, Hiroshima/Nagasaki Memorial Collection. Over 130 print and nonprint peace education resources for use with adult groups and elementary, secondary, and college students are described. Audiovisuals may be rented and books may be purchased from the Wilmington College (Ohio) Peace Resource Center. Audiovisuals, including slides, videotapes and videotape cassettes, and 16mm films, are described in the first section of the listing; books are cited in the second half. Both sections are organized topically. Included among the topics are atomic bombings, nuclear war, the arms race, anti-war, civil defense, peace movement, peace education, nonviolence, the draft and conscientious objection, and nuclear power. An index is provided. With a few exceptions, publication dates range from the 1970's to the present. Descriptors: Adult Education, Annotated Bibliographies, Audiovisual Aids, Books

Dailey, Ann Ricks (1983). Educational Attainment and Political Attitudes: An Effect of Schools or Schooling?, Theory and Research in Social Education. The four political attitudes studied involved political interest, political alienation, racial equality, and the Vietnam war. Schooling effects influenced political interest and anti-Vietnam war attitudes but not political alienation and feelings about racial equality. Descriptors: Alienation, Educational Attainment, Educational Background, Educational Research

Wilmington Coll., OH. Peace Resource Center. (1985). Catalog: Wilmington College Peace Resource Center. Revised Edition. A bibliography of low-cost peace education resources for individuals and organizations, this catalogue lists audio-visual materials, archival materials, and books. The audio-visual materials and the books are grouped into some or all of the following categories: atomic bombings, nuclear war, the arms race, anti-war, civil defense, peace education, non-violence, the draft and conscientious objection, nuclear power, and miscellaneous materials. The range of materials available includes slides, tapes, guides, scripts, movies, and videotapes. Each annotation gives a brief description and rental fee. A section titled "Miscellaneous Books" has five selections, including: "The Child's Declaration of Rights and Responsibilities and The Declaration of Rights of the Child" and "The War Prayer" by Mark Twain. Additional non- print items, such as stationery, posters, and packets are included at the back, as is a December 1985 update of materials and a price correction list. Purchase and rental information are given on the inside front cover. Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Conflict Resolution, Critical Thinking, Dissent

Schlene, Vicki J. (1996). Teaching about Vietnam and the Vietnam War. ERIC Digest. This digest discusses the need for teaching about the Vietnam War, possible reasons for the negligible treatment the subject receives in social studies classes, and some instructional approaches to the material. Currently, students lack a systematic and detailed knowledge of this turning point in U.S. history. The impact of the Vietnam War on U.S. foreign policy, domestic politics, and social history cannot be overestimated. The controversial nature of the War and its ensuing political opposition are reasons teachers shy away from this subject. They also are discouraged by the superficial and often distorted textbook coverage, time constraints, and a lack of worthwhile supplementary materials. Three aspects of the Vietnam conflict that should be covered in social studies instruction are identified. These are the conflict itself, the geographic concepts of places/regions and physical systems, and the gamut of homefront issues ranging from the anti-war demonstrations to the political ramifications of the War. To these ends, the digest lists several educational resource kits and theme issues of social studies journals. It also provides an address list of Southeast Asian resource centers and veterans' organizations thats often publish resource packets and teaching materials. In addition, journal articles, annotated bibliographies, and teaching guides are noted.   [More]  Descriptors: Asian Studies, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Diplomatic History, Educational Resources

Lipset, Seymour Martin (1972). Group Life in America: A Task Force Report. Contents of this book include discussions of the following topics: (1) issues for the 1970s (redefining American pluralism); (2) historic pattern of change (rise and fall of repressive movements); (3) unity in the post-war era; (4) breakdown in consensus (racial equality and black militancy; demand for group rights; anti-war and other protests; white ethnicity revitalized; failure of backlash politics; and attitudes toward political and social institutions); (5) the urban crisis; (6) decline of WASP provincial; (7) the democratic coalition: stable or broken (national coalitions; municipal and state coalitions; shifts in the Roosevelt-New Deal coalition; anti-Catholicism of upper class liberals); (8) crisis of liberalism and political situation of American Jewry (declining Jewish political influence?; Jews and blacks; Jews and conservatives; cleavages in the Jewish community); (9) economic issues and group tensions (income distribution in the U.S.; recomposing the GNP: changing national priorities; welfare reform); (10) education (intellectuals and social protest of the left; education, integration, and black upward mobility; "the culture of poverty": attack on the slums; busing; community control of schools; public support for parochial education; financing higher education); and, (11) meritocracy versus quotas (guidelines for affirmative action). Descriptors: Black Power, Civil Rights, Economic Change, Educational Change

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